Emergencies can happen suddenly at any time, wreaking havoc and devastation and taking a costly toll on the lives of workers, your local community, and on the finances of business and industry.

In that light, it’s often said that the best defence is a good offense, and when it comes to emergency preparedness, the best strategy is to Prepare and Plan to safely Respond. 

The following 5 tips detail how you can stay on top of emergency preparedness in your workplace.


Step 1: Evaluate Your Existing Plans

Your first step is to review and reevaluate your company’s emergency response plan, making sure that plans are in place for all possible types of emergencies. These can include, but aren’t limited to:

  • Fires and explosions;
  • Hazardous material incidents and chemical spills;
  • Hurricanes, earthquakes, tornadoes, floods, lightning and winter storms;
  • Infectious disease outbreaks and pandemics;
  • Power outages;
  • Vehicle or aircraft incidents;
  • Structural collapses.
  • Terrorist attacks, biological agents (bioterrorism), civil disturbances, bomb threats and workplace violence


Step 2: Train Your Workers

Your next step is to review your company’s emergency response procedures and policies with workers. Ensure that all employees (including new and returning workers) have received orientation and training in these areas:

  • Their specific roles and responsibilities in your company’s emergency response procedures;
  • The potential hazards, threats and protective actions specific to your workplace;
  • Your company’s established communication procedures, including notifications and warnings;
  • Your company’s evacuation and shelter procedures;
  • The location of common emergency equipment and how to use this equipment;
  • The emergency shutdown procedures; and
  • Established home communication plans for workers to contact and locate family members during an emergency


Step 3: Communicate Your Plans & Procedures

Once everyone has received proper training, it’s important to keep workers up to date and involved in your company’s emergency planning. Use internal communications tools such as handouts, posters, newsletters and intranets to keep workers informed of emergency plans and procedures.


Step 4: Practice

It’s also important to practice your emergency response plan. Schedule regular drills and exercises for all potential situations to help keep your workers prepared for the unexpected.


Step 5: Drive the Message Home

Of course, emergencies also occur in the home and the community. Stress to your workers the importance of developing and testing family and individual emergency preparedness plans.



During an emergency or crisis, the biggest risk to your workers in the workplace is the confusion and panic resulting from being unprepared. If you keep workers informed, educated, trained and practiced, they will be able to respond to a crisis in a more self-assured, confident manner.


By Amanda Willard, Safety Forum Contributor